When you need the facts to better understand Glaucoma and how this sight stealing disease could affect you or someone you love find out more from glaucoma.org. There are different types of glaucoma, but the two main types that largely affect the population. Open Angle Glaucoma is the most common form of the disease and is caused by a slow clogging of drainage canals, which causes increased pressure in the eye. It develops slowly over time, affecting seniors the most. The damage goes unnoticed, as do the symptoms. Angle-Closure Glaucoma is a less common form of the disease and develops very quickly. This demands immediate medical attention and your physician should be notified immediately. There are multiple different types of glaucoma, but knowing the signs can help you stop the disease before it affects your life.
Asking yourself if you’re at risk for Glaucoma begins with the facts. African Americans and people over 60 are at a much higher risk of the disease, and should receive regular checkups and eye dilation every one or two years. Those who have family members suffering from the disease are at a much higher risk than the rest of the population. Stay aware of your family history and receive eye exams regularly to hopefully prevent the disease from affecting you.
What kind of tests should your doctor provide for early detection of glaucoma? Eye exams are key to protecting your vision and damage caused from the disease. Before the age of 40 go to your doctor every two to four years, from age 40 to 54 go every one to three years, and after age 65 visit your doctor every 6 to 12 months. If you have high risk factors you should be tested for the disease every year after the age of 35.
- Inner eye pressure
- Shape and color of the optic nerve
- Complete field of vision
- Angle in eye where iris meets cornea
- Thickness of cornea
Unfortunately, diagnosing glaucoma is not always easy, and careful evaluation of the optic nerve will help in diagnosing the problem. Your concern should be to protect your sight. Work with your doctor or assisted living healthcare provider to help diagnose potential cataracts before it turns into glaucoma, this deadly sight stealing disease.